The following excerpt (pages 81-84) from the book “Low-Wage Capitalism” by Fred Goldstein, written in 2012, deals with Sam Marcy’s classic, groundbreaking work “High-Tech, Low Pay.” Marcy, the founder and theoretical leader of Workers World Party, wrote HTLP in 1986 in the midst of a furious technological restructuring carried out by the capitalist class during the presidency of Ronald Reagan. The book foreshadowed the development of capitalism into the 21st century. (HTLP can be read online at workers.org/marcy.)Marcy’s central point was to explain the declining rate of profit as the driving force of capitalist competition, which pushes inevitably in the direction of economic crisis. It also dealt with the resulting problems facing the working class. Also relevant is the recent article by Deirdre Griswold on how capitalist overproduction is behind the present stock market turmoil and ruling class fears of an impending economic crisis. The late Sam Marcy, chairperson and founder of Workers World Party, in a very important book entitled “High Tech, Low Pay: A Marxist Analysis of the Changing Character of the Working Class,” published in 1986, analyzed the early stages of the high-tech revolution and its effect on the working class in the United States.In a section devoted to its impact on the unions, he traced the phases of development of the productive forces under capitalism from the manufacturing phase of simple cooperation to the industrial revolution and large-scale machinery to mass production — primarily assembly line production — in the early twentieth century. He then described the high-tech phase:“This [mass production] stage has now given way to another phase of technological development. The mass production period which began with Ford and continued for a period of time after the Second World War was characterized by expansion. But the current stage, the scientific-technological stage, while continuing some of the earlier tendencies of development, contracts the workforce.“Like all the previous stages of capitalist development, the current phase is based on the utilization of workers as labor power. But its whole tendency is to diminish the labor force while attempting to increase production. The technological revolution is therefore a quantum jump whose devastating effects require a revolutionary strategy to overcome.”Marx’s studies had shown that the advance of capitalist technology subordinated the workers more and more to the machine, made work more and more monotonous, increased the division of labor, and reduced the skills of the workers. The final result was to lower the wages of more and more workers by setting them in competition with one another, all to increase the profits of capital. The high-tech revolution, Marcy showed, has accorded completely with Marx’s analysis.Marcy noted the decline of manufacturing jobs and the growth of service jobs. But he did not simply talk about them as a bourgeois category. The main aspect of the shift from manufacturing to service was, for the vast majority of workers forced into this change, a shift from high-wage jobs to low-wage jobs.Changed social composition of the working class Marcy promoted various tactics and strategies for the struggle against the anti-labor assault, many of which are completely applicable today. But also important were the sociological observations he made and the political conclusions he drew. “It is this highly significant shift from the higher paid to the lower paid which is dramatically changing the social composition of the working class, greatly increasing the importance of the so-called ethnic composition of the working class, that is, the number of Black, Latin, Asian, women and other oppressed groups, particularly the millions of undocumented workers.”The changed social composition of the working class — both from the point of view of the growing numerical significance of the oppressed and the increasing preponderance of low-wage workers over the higher-paid, more privileged workers — “matters a great deal,” wrote Marcy, “because in terms of political struggle, the objective basis is laid for political leadership to be assumed by the more numerous segment of the class.” Quoting from an earlier piece he had written on the effect of high technologyon the workers, Marcy wrote: “What has happened, particularly in the last decade, is that the very speed of the introduction of high technology, the very sophisticated type, has undermined the privileged sectors of the working class (such as those in steel and auto) on a world scale and has begun a leveling process which has undermined the living standard of the working class as a whole. …“While it continues to ravage the living standards of the workers, at the same time it lays the objective basis for the politicization of the workers, for moving in a more leftward direction and for organization on a broad scale. The political consciousness that ought to correspond to the new material conditions of life has lagged behind, as it almost always does.”The tendency of imperialism to build up the privileged layers of the working class at home, which Lenin had observed, was already in the 1980s beginning to be counteracted by the application of automation, robotization, and new industrial processes, mini-mills, etc. The higher-paid workers in heavy industry — such as steel, auto, rubber, and electric, the bastions of the AFL-CIO — were being undermined by capitalist technology and pushed into the lower-paying service industries or long-term unemployment.Marcy and other communists were rightfully anticipating that the high-tech assault on the workers would lead to an upsurge of the class struggle in the near period. The basis for this prognosis was both subjective and objective.The process of pauperization of the working class would project forward the more militant sections of the workers, while the increase in the productivity of labor would turn out more and more commodities which would be harder and harder to sell in the limited world capitalist markets. This would intensify the classical capitalist malady of overproduction, accelerate an economic crisis, and stimulate the class struggle.But the collapse of the USSR transformed the world situation and postponed the immediate prospects for class struggle in the United States and the imperialist camp as a whole.Declining rate of profit and capitalist crisisMarcy’s work was designed to show the destruction of working-class living standards wrought by the development of the productive forces, the subsequent change in the composition of the working class, and how these developments formed the basis for the revolutionary revival of the class struggle.His focus was on the spread of technology by the ruling class inside the United States. He analyzed the internal restructuring of U.S. capitalism and charted the early stages of the widening pauperization of the proletariat.Marcy shone a spotlight on new trends in the development of capitalism in the age of the scientific-technological revolution. He explained the laws of its development flowing from the innermost features of capitalism, as they had existed since its inception — the struggle to increase surplus value and to reduce labor. And he catalogued their effects on the workers and the oppressed, with an emphasis on how this affected the labor unions.In analyzing the decline of the labor unions and the rise of technology,Marcy invoked Marx’s law on the decline in the rate of profit. “The bourgeois press is full of the wonders of high technology and the introduction of robots in almost fully automated factories. But they neglect to mention an extremely important element in the economic laws of motion governing capitalist society: Robots do not produce surplus value.“As Marx demonstrated long ago, machinery or constant capital is the result of past labor and past surplus value. Profit does not come from machinery itself. It is the labor of a worker, known in Marxist terms as variable capital, that produces surplus value, from which profit is derived. Workers produce a greater value than they receive back in wages, and it is the unpaid portion of their labor that produces surplus value. But a robot is not a worker. A robot is fixed or constant capital, which does not produce profit. Only unpaid human labor produces profit.”The entire purpose of introducing new technology is to have fewer and fewer workers producing more and more commodities in shorter and shorter time. But new technology is usually very expensive and the high cost can outweigh the savings on labor. Since the rate of profit is calculated by dividing the total profit by the total investment in both constant and variable capital — that is, in machinery and raw materials as well as wages — costly new means of production reduce the rate of profit.The capitalists who are willing to spend money on new technology before their rivals get it temporarily escape this problem. In fact, new technology produces a great leap in how much unpaid labor can be gotten from the workers. The capitalists who get it first garner super-profits, i.e., profits above the level of the rival capitalists using the older technology. The first capitalists using the new technology sell at or slightly below the general price of the commodity and still make extra profit.Following Marx’s argument in “Capital,” Marcy wrote:“With fewer workers and more constant capital, the organic composition of capital changes, resulting in a falling rate of profit. This is an invariable law of the capitalist process of production. It cannot be gotten around.“The more dead or constant capital and the less human or variable capital used in production, the higher the organic composition of capital. This invariably leads to a decline in [the rate of] profit.“Despite this, the individual capitalists are driven to substitute labor-saving machinery for workers because it gives them a competitive advantage. For a certain period, the capitalist who is able to utilize the new technology and lower the unit cost of his product can actually enjoy a greater profit because the market reflects a generalized cost still based on the old technology. Eventually, however, the new technology itself becomes generalized and the rate of profit falls.“The advantage to a higher composition of constant capital [new technology — FG] is always temporary. It spurs on destructive competition, in which much equipment that could still be socially useful is made prematurely obsolete.“In order to compensate for the falling rate of profit, the owners are forced to increase the volume of profit. This can only be done by further increasing production.”This is what leads to capitalist overproduction and economic crisis. As Marcy pointed out, “automation does not solve the problem of the capitalist contradiction that leads to economic crisis. On the contrary, it exacerbates it precisely because of the decline in the rate of profit.”Marcy was writing before the new phase of global restructuring, but the essence of his Marxist analysis applies completely to the current worldwide wage competition generated by the capitalists.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Never one to shy away from controversial issues, musician, actor, comedian, and LA Weekly columnist Henry Rollins (of Black Flag) published an editorial last week regarding the vastly different experiences of whites and blacks in America in the wake of the recent rash of gun violence incidents. As Rollins explains, “In light of the recent police shootings in Texas and the deaths of Alton Sterling in Louisiana and Philando Castile in Minnesota, both killed by members of law enforcement — just the latest three of the many examples of obscene, needless deaths in America — one could conclude that all hell has broken loose and things are falling apart. I do not agree. Things are bad, but I would posit that they have been this way for as far back into American history as you want to go.” Rollins opines that the real difference in today’s racially-charged violence is simply that the technology has improved, so the unattractive reality that has been true for years is more visible to the masses. “Now that you can watch people die on Facebook, your evaluation of the facts and the sheer amount of information you want to deal with is up to you. But you can no longer say you don’t know what’s going on.”He propose that there are (at least) two versions of reality in America, experienced differently by whites and people of color. “If white America experienced a fraction of what black America deals with regarding law enforcement, incarceration, the court system, employment and countless other facts of life, they would immediately and collectively lose their minds. There are at least two different Americas. They have existed in an environment of almost unbroken mutual exclusivity. That’s over now.”Rollins goes on to detail some of his personal experiences that have contributed to this view, including an anecdote about his relationship with rapper Ice-T through their mutual involvement with the first Lollapalooza tour in 1991. “I was on the first Lollapalooza tour. It was one of the best summers of my life. I spent a lot of time hanging out with Ice-T. We talked almost every day. He is one of the most articulate and intelligent people I have ever met. I wish I had a teaspoon of what he’s got. I also spent time with his bandmates and crew. On days off, or when our buses would pull into the same place, we would eat together. All his guys wore gold. I have no idea what a necklace is worth, but it all looked expensive to me. When we went into places, white patrons and staff tripped on these guys. This is when I understood one of the reasons for the visible display of wealth. My whiteness assured them that I could pay for my meal. Ice-T and his guys had to demonstrate their ability to pay by literally wearing a show of wealth.”He ends by calling out the mainstream media and the government’s approach to this racial issue. “For the last week, I have heard politicians use a phrase that nauseates me whenever I hear anyone say it. The need to ‘come together.’ To that I say, ‘You first, motherfucker.’”Read the full column, as well as more of Rollins’ pointed editorials here.[via LA Weekly]
The businessman who was on Tuesday last intercepted at the Cheddi Jagan International Airport (CJIA) attempting to smuggle a large quantity of cocaine stashed in frozen fish was on Friday slapped with a narcotics trafficking charge.Thirty-year-old Amir Ally of Goed Fortuin, West Bank Demerara (WBD) appearedat the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts and denied that he attempted to ship 9.366 kg of cocaine.Amir AllyChief Magistrate Ann McLennan read the charge to Ally, which stated that he, on February 6, 2018, at Laparkan Cargo Shed, CJIA, attempted to traffic 9.366 kilograms of cocaine.Defence attorney Bernard DaSilva, in a bail application, told the court that the cocaine was not found in the possession of his client, but was found at the in the belly of the fishes.Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) Prosecutor Konyo Sandiford, however, revealed to the court that Ally was arrested after the discovery, and investigations revealed that he had been the shipper.Based on the seriousness of the offence, she objected to bail being granted Ally.Bail was refused Ally, and he was remanded to prison. The case will continue on March 7.
The young pupils of Scoil Cholmcille Letterkenny let their talents shine during a poignant Christmas carol service on Wednesday evening.St Eunan’s Cathedral was filled with wonderful music and performances from the primary school students, who acted out a special nativity play and sang beautiful carols under the guidance of their teachers.It was an afternoon enjoyed by all the pupils and their families as they celebrated the Christmas season together. Geraldine Diver was there to capture the special moments for this picture gallery:Scoil Cholmcille host special carol service – Picture Special was last modified: December 19th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
19 December 2007MIH Internet, a wholly owned subsidiary of South African media group Naspers, has made a £946-million (about R13.1-billion) offer to acquire London-listed Tradus, which operates online trading platforms and other related internet service websites in 12 mainly Eastern European countries.The acquisition would be the largest so far by Africa’s largest media company, which has to date been buying minority stakes in media and internet-related companies in emerging markets.Tradus, established as QXL Ricardo plc in 1997, operates auction websites in Eastern Europe under various brand names, and in Poland they operate automotive and real estate classified sites, a price comparison site and payment services system.“In its own strategy, Naspers has prioritised the internet sector for expansion. Success has been achieved in the sub-segments offering users communications, social networking and community platforms,” the company said in a statement on Tuesday.“In pursuit of this strategy, Naspers today has various internet investments on the African continent, in China, Russia and India. With these investments, the Naspers Group has established a strong presence in the major emerging markets.”Naspers has identified Central and Eastern Europe as attractive emerging markets to invest in, and the acquisition of Tradus would consolidate the group’s position in Poland, where it is currently finalising the acquisition of a controlling stake in Gadu-Gadu, a company that operates an instant messaging service.“We are delighted that the Tradus Board intends unanimously to recommend our offer to its shareholders,” Naspers chief executive Cobus Stofberg said. “The operations of the Naspers Group and Tradus complement each other perfectly and significant advantages can be obtained by aligning Tradus’ businesses with Naspers’ other internet investments in Central and Eastern Europe.”Naspers’ other investments in emerging countries include a roughly one-third interest in Tencent, a leading internet services portal in China that operates an instant messaging client called QQ, and a similar stake in Mail.ru, which is developing into a leading e-mail portal in Russia.In India, meanwhile, the company is organically developing an internet business that focuses on the youth community, featuring a search engine customised to cater for local users and content.In South Africa, Naspers’ investments include Multichoice, which runs the DSTV satellite subscription service, the M-Net and Supersport television channels, internet service provider M-Web, newspaper and magazine publisher Media24, general consumer portal 24.com, e-retailer Kalahari.net and a 30% stake in local instant messaging service Mxit Lifestyle.“Apart from the investment in Tencent and Kalahari, other Naspers platforms have not yet generated transaction income,” the company said. “Our existing internet services rely on the generation of revenue mainly through advertising and value added communication services.”“The intention is that an investment in the Tradus transaction platform will allow the group to diversify its internet revenue streams to include transaction income.”The deal is subject to several conditions, including obtaining relevant regulatory approvals and approval by the companies’ shareholders.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Adobe’s latest update introduces 3D printing to Photoshop CC.Adobe is embracing the future with their latest update to Adobe Photoshop CC. They’ve announced that users will now be able to print in 3D straight from Adobe Photoshop CC. Photoshop 3D printing will be compatible with most desktop 3D printers including MakerBot Replicator and 3D Systems Cube.Users can now upload and print on a variety of surfaces including brass, bronze, sterling silver, full color sandstone, plastic, ceramics and much more. Adobe has also announced a partnership with Shapeway, an online custom 3D printing and shopping store. With the update users can now send orders to Shapeway straight from Photoshop.Peter Weijmarshausen CEO and Co-Founder of Shapeway stated that this partnership will make it “easy for designers and creatives to turn ideas into reality”. Adobe has also made it possible for users to upload 3D designs to Adobe’s creative inspiration platform, Behance.The update is available for immediate download for Adobe Creative Cloud subscribers. If you are not subscribed to the Creative Cloud, memberships start at 9.99 a month with a one year subscription. Adobe also offers special rates for students and teachers.The update is likely to be a catalyst for the normalization of 3D printers. Our condolences go out to all the whittlers of the world.
The paradox of insight is that in order to be paid for it, you have to give it away.You can’t easily capture your dream client’s attention if you can’t share your ideas about how they can improve their results. That’s the value proposition for spending time with what you send them as part of your nurture campaign, that they’ll gain new ideas. It’s also the value proposition for your first sales call.You also can’t capture your dream client’s trust if you can’t share your ideas and experiences with them during the sales process. It’s critical to listen and understand your dream client’s needs, but they want to hear what you think and why, even on an early discovery visit.You can’t propose your best ideas about how to help your dream client produce better results without sharing your very best insights, the things that you would do differently, why you would make those choices, and how it would benefit them. This is why you are presenting in the first place, to capture your dream client’s imagination.Sharing your best ideas is scary. You worry that your dream client may run off with your ideas, share them with your competitors, and allow them to execute your plan. And from time to time, this happens. Occasionally you will even run into someone whose sole purpose of engaging with you is a treasure hunt; they want to learn everything you know and have no intention of ever buying from you.But you can’t allow the fear of having your ideas and insights taken dissuade you from sharing or cause you to hold back. First, you can’t sell effectively without having chops, and no one will ever know that you are a deep well if your fear prevents you from sharing. Second, most of your competitors have their own ideas, their own business models, and their own ideas about how they create value, ideas that prevent them from executing yours.
NBA: Kawhi, George seek more for Clippers than beating Lakers PLAY LIST 01:48NBA: Kawhi, George seek more for Clippers than beating Lakers00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH AFP official booed out of forum View comments The Warriors’ jump is due in part to the new arena due to open in two seasons.New arenas in Sacramento, Milwaukee and Detroit have also pushed up franchise values.The New Orleans Pelicans are the lowest-ranked, at an estimated value of $1 billion.The club making the biggest jump from last year was the Philadelphia 76ers, who gained 48 percent in value to $1.18 billion, according to Forbes’ calculations.The valuations were calculated with revenues and operating incomes from the 2016-17 season, while taking into consideration the league’s revenue sharing. Arena deals, and revenue from non-basketball events that take place at the venues, are also included in the totals. /cbbADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding MOST READ Read Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Phoenix turns back TNT Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting New York Knicks’ Carmelo Anthony, left, looks past Los Angeles Lakers’ Jordan Clarkson during the second half of the NBA basketball game, Sunday, Feb. 1, 2015, in New York. Forbes has named the Knicks and the Lakers as the most valuable NBA clubs as of February 2018. APLOS ANGELES, United States — The New York Knicks and Los Angeles Lakers still top the list of most valuable NBA clubs, according to a survey released Wednesday by Forbes — which for the first time says every franchise is worth $1 billion.According to its latest annual assessment, the average value of an NBA club is $1.65 billion.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers The Knicks remain atop that list, worth $3.6 billion (2.94 billion euros) and another iconic club, the Lakers, are now worth an estimated $3.3 billion.The Knicks are profiting from a $1 billion renovation to Madison Square Garden, which provided new revenue opportunities from sponsorships and seating.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe Lakers, who like the Knicks have struggled in recent years, continue to benefit from raking in almost $150 million a year from their local television and radio deals.The reigning champion Golden State Warriors passed the Chicago Bulls in this year’s list to lie third with a value of $3.1 billion to Chicago’s $2.6 billion.
Creative Vado HDThe amateur/home high definition video camera market is being flooded with new products–each one with innovative claims of being the smallest, the lightest, having the largest display, the most powerful lens and so on. Creative has introduced the Vado, a 100g, ultra-lightweight pocket HD camera. Sporting a two-inch LCD screen, it has a one-button recording facility, the ability to do a quick review and playing back on a HD television. You can upload your videos instantly to YouTube, Photobucket and similar websites. The eight GB internal memory and three recording modes give you the freedom to choose the video quality according to usage scenarios. Depending on the accessories (cables largely), prices range from Rs. 6,500 to Rs. 10,000 approx (US$ 125-200) and bargains are available online.Timex WS4 Expedition WatchTimex is climbing new heights with this new high altitude and outdoor watch. But you don’t have to be a mountaineer to benefit from it–if you are into outdoor adventure and activities it is a functional and valuable wrist-mounted instrument you can use. While in the city, it would attract attention and be a talking point as it is not too bulky, with a fairly current design and has interesting wide-screen displays. This multi-function sensor watch, apart from giving you the accurate time, has an onboard compass, altimeter, barometer, and thermometer. There are many sub-functions including a 4-6 hour weather display, alarms, a stop-watch, time-splits and other functions that the athletic and fitness-obsessed would find handy. In India it is priced at Rs. 9,995. Available at Timex outlets and selected timewear stores.Sony readersIn 2007, when Amazon introduced the Kindle–a device enabling you to read books ‘electronically’ through a digital display–critics were quick to dismiss it. Today the market is saturated with similar devices. Sony has a range of three readers–The Reader Pocket Edition (five-inch display), The Reader Touch Edition (six-inch display) and the Reader Daily Edition (seven-inch display). The Daily Edition, Sony’s latest offering in the range, takes a lead with the introduction of a more sophisticated touchscreen interface and a wireless link. They have also updated their content services with tie-ups with many more libraries allowing you to ‘borrow’ books. Available at www.sonystyle.com and SonyStyle stores. Pocket edition: Rs. 10,000 approx (US$ 199). Touch edition: Rs. 15,000 approx (US$ 299). Daily edition: Rs. 20,000 approx (US$ 399).5 Useful travel siteshttp://travelbookmarking.com: A social bookmarking site for travel. Choose any country and check out bookmarks for various insights and travel resources to that country.http://thewildsource.com: Started by a passionate wildlife biologist, this site brings you the best wildlife experiences.http://www.vcarious.com/: Another option where you can read about and share travel experiences.http://somuchworld.com/: The site offers a combination of travel writing, expert destination guides and a hotel and travel bookings service. It’s got everything you need to plan and book a hassle free trip.http://www.hiddenamerica.com/: Dedicated to ‘on the road Americana’, here you will find nuggets of Americana that lie off the beaten path and beyond the interstate highways.advertisement
From Anish Kapoor who has designed the largest public sculpture for the 2012 Olympic site to Sam Arora, a candidate for the Maryland Senate elections and Simran Preet Singh Lamba who has been allowed to wear the turban by the US Army, Punjabis are yet again making waves all over,From Anish Kapoor who has designed the largest public sculpture for the 2012 Olympic site to Sam Arora, a candidate for the Maryland Senate elections and Simran Preet Singh Lamba who has been allowed to wear the turban by the US Army, Punjabis are yet again making waves all over the world across various professions. Also, on the other side of spectrum, there is this Bhangra group, DholRythms which conducts non-stop Bhangra nights in San Fransisco, completing the Punjabi metaphor abroad.Biggie sculptorMumbai-born Anish Kapoor, who has lived and worked in London since the early 1970s, was included in The Sunday Times Rich List 2010 in April. Recently, he was named the winner of a competition to make the largest public sculpture for the 2012 Olympics site. He is best known for his Cloud Gate, a 110-tonne polished stainless-steel sculpture in Chicago’s Millennium Park.TurbantorIn a milestone ruling by the US Armed Forces, Simran Preet Singh Lamba has been given the goahead to serve in the army while sporting his turban, beard. Lamba follows in Captains Kamaljeet Singh Kalsi and Tejdeep Singh Rattan’s historic footsteps. “Lamba’s religious requirements should not hinder his ability to serve the United States,” says Amandeep S. Sidhu, his lead counsel. Over the past one year, more than 50 members of the US Congress have written to the military requesting that Sikhs be accepted.Bhangra beatsDancing Sardars are not an uncommon sight, and neither are Sardars who dance non-stop. What is unusual is that this is in San Francisco, and the party includes non-Sardars too. The only common factor-an almost overwhelming love for Bhangra. The third Saturday of every month sees Dholrhythms pumping up the music. In attendance are dancers and nondancers, all shaking a leg vigorously to Dholrhythms co-founder Vicki Virk’s instructions.Dholrhythms Dance Company features an eclectic group of women who aim to promote the Bhangra and Giddha dances of Punjab. They’ve grown tremendously popular, with performances in San Francisco.Election maniaAn advocate by profession, Sam Arora is contesting for delegate in Maryland’s 19th District elections.Arora served as an aide to the then Senator Hillary Clinton and worked on three of her campaigns. During the 2008 general election, he volunteered for Barack Obama and travelled to other states to help get out the vote.advertisement