Organized crime enterprises The Brazilian government recently expanded its efforts to battle the internal and external trade in human beings for sex and forced labor. The latest development in the anti-human trafficking campaign came on Jan. 29, 2014, when Justice Minister Jose Eduardo Cardozo announced the formation of the National Committee to Combat Trafficking in Persons (Conatrap), a body consisting of 26 members representing both private groups and government agencies. Each representative will serve a term of two years on the committee. Conatrap will include members of the Secretariat of Policies for Women; the National Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents; the Secretariat of Human Rights, and other social, government and law enforcement agencies and groups, according to the Ministry of Justice website. The committee will be tasked with monitoring the implementation and progress of national anti-human trafficking plans and developing new anti-trafficking programs. The initiative is separate from the Blue Heart Campaign against Human Trafficking, a public awareness effort that Brazil joined in May 2013. Brazilian singer Ivete Sangalo is the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Goodwill Ambassador for the campaign. By Dialogo February 12, 2014 Forced labor Human trafficking for sex and forced labor has long been a problem in Brazil. Authorities estimate that the number of Brazilians trapped in some form of modern slavery ranges from 40,000 to 200,000. Many of the victims are women and young girls forced into prostitution within Brazil and internationally. Some of the victims are forced to work in the sex industry in various countries in Europe, authorities said. Some of the victims are forced into prostitution in Japan. Between 2005 and 2011 the Brazilian Foreign Ministry identified more than 300 Brazilian sex trafficking victims abroad, according to government reports. “Sex tourists” from Europe, the U.S. and other countries also exploit women and children in Brazil, particularly in Brazil’s coastal and resort areas, according to published reports. Public awareness campaign achieves results Sex trafficking Many poor Brazilians are also forced to work as trabalho escravo – “slave labor” — on cattle ranches, charcoal production camps, sugar-cane plantations and other rural operations. Brazil is also a destination for men, women, and children from Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and China who work in slave-like conditions in garment factories and textile sweatshops in metropolitan centers, according to government reports. The Brazilian government announced its first national anti-human trafficking initiative in 2008. In 2013 the government launched an additional $2.9 million national plan to revise the penal code and to set up new control posts in ten border towns to help control international trafficking. Sixteen anti-trafficking offices have been set up throughout the country, with 400 trained personnel to investigate cases and assist victims. In May 2013, Brazil joined the international Blue Heart Campaign against Human Trafficking, sponsored by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), with popular Brazilian singer Ivete Sangalo appointed as the public face of the campaign. Under the slogan, “Freedom can’t be bought. Dignity can’t be sold. Denounce trafficking in persons,” the campaign featured television public service announcements and other advertising methods to heighten public awareness of the crime. Brazilian organized crime groups, such as the First Capital Command (PCC) and the Red Command, both of which traffic large amounts of drugs, are also responsible for much of the forced labor and sex trafficking, said Carlos Mendoza, director of Strategic Projects Consulting, a private security firm in Mexico City. “Without a doubt the PCC, the Red Command, and other gangs are part of the criminal chain of sex trafficking and forced labor,” Mendoza said. “Where there is money, and the need to process or distribute cocaine, there is labor exploitation. Prostitution is a problem in many cities, particularly in Rio de Janeiro, where prostitution attracts many tourists. Organized crime groups force some minors and adult women to work as prostitutes in Rio de Janeiro and other cities.” “The authorities have significant challenges ahead in the fight against human trafficking,” the security analyst said. “Authorities should continue to train security forces and provide shelters for victims of human trafficking.” The public awareness campaign appears to have achieved results. In October, 2013, the Secretariat of Women’s Policies announced that a dedicated government reporting hotline had registered 263 allegations of human trafficking crimes during the first six months of the year, compared to just 17 such reports during the same period in 2012 – a 1,500 percent increase. Of the 263 reports, 170 were reports of international human trafficking, the majority of them involving sex trafficking, the others involving forced labor trafficking. The remaining reports involved human trafficking within Brazil. The 1,500 percent increase in human trafficking reports does not necessarily represent a surge in the actual numbers of human trafficking incidents, but rather an increase in public awareness and easier means for victims or their families to report violations of the anti-trafficking laws, authorities said. Whether the increased public awareness and government pressure has resulted in more criminal convictions for human trafficking is unclear. In 2012 there were six convictions for domestic sex trafficking and two for international sex trafficking in Brazil, according to press reports. However, authorities note that many human trafficking cases may have been prosecuted under other legal statutes, such as laws against pimping or child exploitation. Julieta Pelcastre contributed to this report.
2008I believe that marriage is the union between a man and a woman. Now, for me as a Christian — for me — for me as a Christian, it is also a sacred union. God’s in the mix. But —WARREN: Would you support a Constitutional Amendment with that definition?OBAMA: No, I would not.WARREN: Why not?OBAMA: Because historically — because historically, we have not defined marriage in our constitution. It’s been a matter of state law. That has been our tradition. I mean, let’s break it down. The reason that people think there needs to be a constitutional amendment, some people believe, is because of the concern that — about same-sex marriage. I am not somebody who promotes same-sex marriage, but I do believe in civil unions. I do believe that we should not — that for gay partners to want to visit each other in the hospital for the state to say, you know what, that’s all right, I don’t think in any way inhibits my core beliefs about what marriage are. I think my faith is strong enough and my marriage is strong enough that I can afford those civil rights to others, even if I have a different perspective or different view.http://votesmart.org/public-statement/658545/full-transcript-saddleback-presidential-forum-sen-barack-obama-john-mccain-moderated-by-rick-warren/?search=saddlebackOBAMA’S FLIP-FLOP PAST ON SAME-SEX MARRIAGE1996, running for Illinois State Senate: ‘I favor legalizing same-sex marriages,and would fight efforts to prohibit such marriages.’2004, running for U.S. Senate in Illinois: ‘My religious faith dictates marriage is between a man and a woman, gay marriage is not a civil right.’2008, running for U.S. President: ‘I believe marriage is the union between a man and a woman. As a Christian it’s also a sacred union.’2010, after Republican wave election: ‘My feelings with this are constantly evolving, I struggle with this.’2012, running for reelection: ‘I think same sex couples should be able to get married.’http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2142198/Gay-marriage-Barack-Obamas-shift-sex-marriage-nets-1m-90-minutes.html
Ball State, W. Michigan meet in conference play February 6, 2020 For more AP college basketball coverage: https://apnews.com/Collegebasketball and http://twitter.com/AP_Top25___This was generated by Automated Insights, http://www.automatedinsights.com/ap, using data from STATS LLC, https://www.stats.com Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditBall State (13-9, 6-3) vs. Western Michigan (10-12, 3-6)University Arena in Read Fieldhouse, Kalamazoo, Michigan; Saturday, 4 p.m. ESTBOTTOM LINE: MAC foes meet as Ball State faces Western Michigan. Ball State took care of Kent State by eight in its last outing. Western Michigan is coming off a 64-60 win over Miami in its most recent game. STEPPING UP: Western Michigan’s Michael Flowers has averaged 17.9 points while Brandon Johnson has put up 14.8 points and eight rebounds. For the Cardinals, Tahjai Teague has averaged 15.2 points and 9.3 rebounds while Ishmael El-Amin has put up 13.6 points.TERRIFIC TAHJAI: Teague has connected on 29.2 percent of the 48 3-pointers he’s attempted and has gone 6 for 11 over the last three games. He’s also made 57.9 percent of his foul shots this season.SLIPPING AT 70: Ball State is 0-6 when it allows at least 70 points and 13-3 when it holds opponents to less than 70.ASSIST-TO-FG RATIO: The Cardinals have recently used assists to create buckets more often than the Broncos. Western Michigan has 27 assists on 63 field goals (42.9 percent) over its past three outings while Ball State has assists on 30 of 64 field goals (46.9 percent) during its past three games.DID YOU KNOW: The sturdy Ball State defense has held opponents to just 61.6 points per game, the 21st-lowest in Division I. Western Michigan has given up an average of 73 points through 22 games (ranked 246th, nationally).___
Registration for the seventh edition of the Okpekpe International 10km Road Race has been officially declared opened as the InternationalAssociation of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and the Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS) have confirmed Saturday May 25 date for the first and only IAAF silver label road race in Nigeria nay West Africa.For the second year running, the race is the only IAAF silver Label Road Race in Africa listed in the January to May calendar of road races released by the IAAF and AIMS. “As the only road race in West Africa with a silver label status and the only one certified by AIMS in the sub-region of Africa, it is thus expected that we will be listed in the calendar of both the IAAF and AIMS,” stressed race spokesman Dare Esan.He also revealed that registration of intending runners is officially on and it is opened to all categories of runners.“The race is not only for professional athletes who want to run for the prize monies on offer or to improve on their times for ranking purposes. It is also opened to people who want to run for fun or for charity,” he added and revealed how intending runners can be registered.“For quick and easy registration, intending runners for all categories can download the tracking application launched for the race in 2017 or visit the website www.okpekperoadrace.com to register.“We are delighted to announce that intending runners at the seventh edition of the race can also use our tracking application to register for the race,” said Esan.“Runners can also register through our website www.okpekperoadrace.com.Registration will not however be limited to online platforms as we intend to use the Athletics Federation of Nigeria (AFN) and the Edo State Athletics Association to help distribute the registration forms when the time comes. The online platform is mainly for those who are far from the registration points that will be announced in due course.”The Okpekpe international 10km road race is one of only two road races in Nigeria certified by the IAAF and the only one recognised by the Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS).This year’s race will hold in Okpekpe, a town in Etsakor East Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. It is located about 25 kilometres northeast of Auchi.Last year, Kenya’s Kibet Alex won the men’s title (29.46) while Ethiopia’s Yani Dera Dida emerged the women’s best.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram
Long before the likes of Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo, there was Pelé. And though he retired as far back as 1977, his name is known all over the world. Even those born after he reigned supreme acknowledge him as one of the greatest footballers of all time.As Pelé turns 77 years old today, here are 7 things you probably didn’t know about the Brazilian legend.He was named after the inventor of the light bulb.Pelé’s real name is Edson Arantes do Nascimento, named after Thomas Edison, the inventor of the light bulb. He was teased by a classmate after his mispronunciation of the name of the Brazilian goalkeeper, Bilé, as Pelé. He hated the name so much that he punched the classmate in the face, but the name stuck.He is an official National treasure.In 1961, the Brazilian government has declared Pelé as an official national treasure to prevent foreign clubs from snapping him up. He signed for Santos FC when he was 15 years old and spent 19 seasons playing for the club before spending the last two years of his career at the New York Cosmos.His presence caused a 48-hour ceasefire during the Nigerian civil war.On an African tour with Santos in 1967, the two factions involved in the Nigerian Civil War agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé play an exhibition game in Lagos.Opponents got his shirt after each match.When Pele played for the New York Cosmos, so many of his opponents were desperate to swap shirts with him that the club had to give each of their opponents a shirt after every match. He is the only player to win three World Cups.Pele is the only player to have won three World Cup winners’ medals. He became the youngest ever winner of a World Cup at 17 in 1958, scoring twice in the final against home side Sweden. He won again in 1962 and 1970.He wasn’t a fan of diving and penalties.Pele was did not like diving. He once said: “A penalty is a cowardly way to score.”He has seven children from four different women.Pele fathered two daughters and a son with his first wife, Rosemeri dos Reis Cholbi who he married in 1966. He also had another daughter in an extramarital affair in 1968 with journalist Lenita Kurtz. It was discovered that he had fathered a daughter from an affair with housemaid Anizia Machado in 1964 but never acknowledged the child. He divorced his first wife in 1982 and married psychologist and gospel singer, Assíria Lemos Seixas in 1994. They had twins together before getting divorced in 2008. He got married for a third time in 2016 to Marcia Cibele Aoki.Happy 77th birthday, Pelé! Absolute legend!Related
Many of the West’s greatest parks and scenic areas lie on the Colorado Plateau, a large basin covering parts of Arizona, Utah, New Mexico and Colorado. Within its rugged acres are the Grand Canyon, Grand Staircase, Bryce Canyon, Zion Canyon, Arches, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, Natural Bridges, Monument Valley, Mesa Verde, Glen Canyon and Lake Powell, and numerous small parks and scenic byways. How this vast region rose 2 kilometers high away from plate boundaries, and maintained sedimentary strata miles thick that often lie flat as a pancake for hundreds of miles, is an enigma to geologists – and it underscores the problem historical sciences have with making pronouncements about the unobservable past. Rebecca M. Flowers (U of Colorado, Boulder) wrote about “The enigmatic rise of the Colorado Plateau” in the journal Geology this month.1 How and when the Colorado Plateau attained its current mean elevation of ~2 km has puzzled scientists for nearly 150 yr. This problem is most dramatically manifest when standing on the rim of the Grand Canyon, viewing the extraordinary 1500-m-deep gorge carved into nearly horizontal sedimentary rocks that were deposited during the 500 m.y. prior to plateau uplift when the region resided near sea level. What caused the elevation gain of this previously stable cratonic region in Cenozoic time? Did the source of buoyancy for plateau uplift arise from the crust, lithospheric mantle, or asthenosphere, or through some combination of the three? Why did this low-relief plateau escape significant upper crustal strain during uplift, in contrast to the Cenozoic surface deformation that is so strikingly apparent in the high-relief landscape of the surrounding Rocky Mountain, Rio Grande Rift, and Basin and Range provinces (Fig. 1)?The current issue contains two new theories, but Flowers is not convinced of either of them. Here are a few quotes from the article indicating the degree of doubt and frustration explaining the Colorado Plateau.Although there is a first-order understanding of vertical motions in areas close to plate boundaries, there is comparatively little consensus on the causes of such motions distal from these margins. The Colorado Plateau exemplifies this problem.Hypothesized mechanisms include partial removal of the lithospheric mantle (e.g., Spencer, 1996), chemical alteration of the lithosphere owing to volatile addition or magma extraction (e.g., Humphreys et al., 2003; Roy et al., 2004), warming of heterogeneous lithosphere (Roy et al., 2009), hot upwelling within the asthenosphere (Parsons and McCarthy, 1995; Moucha et al., 2009), and crustal thickening (McQuarrie and Chase, 2000). It is clear that there is no shortage of mechanisms that could explain the plateau’s origin. The core challenge is determining which mechanism, or combination of mechanisms, is indeed the cause.One question arising from these two studies is: are their conclusions compatible?The other obvious question that emerges from these efforts is both more important and far more difficult to answer. Do the proposed models accurately describe the true origin and evolution of Colorado Plateau elevation?One reason why resolving the cause of plateau uplift is such a tough problem is that deciphering the paleoelevation of continents is extremely difficult, and the plateau’s elevation history is critically important for isolating the correct uplift mechanism.Not surprisingly, contradictory interpretations regarding the uplift history of the Colorado Plateau often arise from the diverse information yielded by the many studies in this region.The two geodynamic studies in this issue of Geology underscore the probable complexity of the plateau’s history. They especially highlight the unlikelihood of the entire plateau undergoing a single spatially uniform phase of surface uplift, and emphasize the potential for significant geographic and temporal heterogeneity in elevation gain. Such a history would only exacerbate the challenge of accurately reconstructing the plateau’s evolution from the geological record.The “perplexing story” is not limited to explaining this one region. As Flowers said, if we can’t understand this plateau, we can’t explain a lot of other earth formations. “The answers to these contentious questions are significant for understanding how deep-seated processes control the elevation change and topographic evolution of Earth’s surface.”1. Rebecca M. Flowers, “The enigmatic rise of the Colorado Plateau” (open access), Geology v. 38 no. 7, p. 671-672, doi: 10.1130/focus072010.1.They don’t tell you these things on the National Park signs. The parks make it sound so easy. A million years here, a few billion years there, and presto: Grand Canyon. Remember this article next time you travel the Colorado Plateau. They don’t have a clue after 150 years of thinking about it. How much more time should we give the clueless before opening the doors to thinking outside the box? One of the biggest stumbling blocks for them understanding this region is their insistence on deep time and their denial of the catastrophic power of the Flood. They should really take some creation geology papers more seriously (06/21/2010) unless they find cluelessness somehow comforting. Now why would that be? Job security.(Visited 83 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
17 August 2010An innovative technology demonstrator designed and developed by two researchers at South Africa’s Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is set to become a must-have weapon in every cricket coach’s arsenal.The analysis application, which records all delivery specific data and video footage of a game, will enable teams, coaches and match analysts to track and analyse matches objectively and help them with their planning strategy to plot the demise of opposing teams.The product has its roots in a similar product called Crickstat – developed by the CSIR with former Proteas coach, the late Bob Woolmer, and currently used by many domestic and international teams – but is technologically far more advanced than its predecessor.“This is a very objective analysis tool,” Matt Vassard, co-developer along with Gert Wessels, said in a statement last week. “With this application, coaches will be able to scrutinise every little detail of the game.“However, one must remember that the software simply provides an enabling tool, and the responsibility to conceive game strategies remains that of a coach.”Vassard is a software developer at the CSIR Consulting and Analytical Services, while Wessels is with the CSIR Modelling and Digital Science. The project is collaboration between the two units.Microsoft technology demonstratorThe technology uses Microsoft.Net as a foundation, a middleware created by Microsoft to be platform-independent. Simply put, it can be run on any modern Microsoft operating system.Because of its unique use of Microsoft technologies, the system has been earmarked for demonstration at Microsoft South Africa developer conferences around the country.“Microsoft wants to use this as a demonstrator for its technologies,” said Vassard, adding: “This application is cutting-edge in that it is built and based on Microsoft’s latest and most advanced technologies.”This cricket application exploits a technology framework developed by the CSIR, which aims to assist research units in their commercial endeavours. “What we want to do is package common functionality into simpler, more generic components for re-use in new CSIR software applications,” said Wessels.Future benefitsThe researchers hope that this approach will benefit future CSIR projects, Wessels said, adding that they were trying to funnel knowledge generated by the research units into user-friendly software applications.“If this succeeds, it will take the burden of software development away from engineers and scientists, allowing them to focus on their research objectives,” he said. “Having an internal development capability, we believe that it will get software developers more in tune with what engineers and scientists want.”Wessels said that in South Africa, development houses were oriented towards business and financial systems. “Few focus on developing specialised scientific software applications, and that is why we want to create this reusable software platform.”The CSIR Sports Technology Centre will be marketing the new application to its existing customers, and hopes to expand the customer base globally.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
IBASE Technology releases a network appliance based on the AMD EPYC Embedded 3000 Series processors. The high-performance FWA8800 1U rackmount appliance houses the IBASE MBN806 motherboard that is powered by a 1.5GHz (Max. Boost 3.1GHz), eight-core EPYC Embedded 3201 SoC, supporting up to 64GB UDIMM or 128GB RDIMM DDR memory with a frequency of 2667MHz in ECC or non ECC version. The FWA8800 is optimized for throughput performance and high-density deployments in applications such as network security, VPN/SDN/NFV/SD-WAN, and data management and analytics.The highly scalable FWA8800 utilizes the Intel I210-AT Ethernet controller and two NIC modules to accommodate two IBN cards for up to 16 Gigabit Ethernet ports. Customers may opt to have four NIC modules in the system for a maximum of 32 GbE ports. Expansion and connectivity available come in the form of a PCIe(x8) slot for standard PCIe cards, 2x SATA III ports, 2x USB 2.0 ports and an M.2 slot with PCIe(x4) and SATA signals. Alongside the Ethernet ports is an LCM with 4-key keypad. A VGA output can be added through an optional IPMI module.Share this:TwitterFacebookLinkedInMoreRedditTumblrPinterestWhatsAppSkypePocketTelegram Tags: Boards & Modules Continue Reading Previous COMSOL releases COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.4Next VadaTech: 300 MHz to 6 GHz octal wideband transceiver